Quoc National Park
Alternative site name(s)
Northern Phu Quoc island, Dao Phu Quoc or Phu Quoc island
10o12' – 10o27'N, 103o50' – 104o05'E
Fom Ho Chi Minh City
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Topography and hydrology
With an area of 56,200 ha, Phu Quoc is
the largest in an archipelago of 14 islands. Phu
Quoc island lies in the Gulf of Thailand, about
40 km due west of the Vietnamese mainland. Phu Quoc
National Park is situated in the north-east of
the island, and the northern and eastern boundaries of the
national park follow the coastline. The topography of the
national park is hilly, although not particularly steep.
The highest point in the national park is Mount Chua at
603 m. The national park is drained by numerous, mainly
seasonal, streams. The only sizeable river on the island
is the Rach Cua Can river, which drains
the southern part of the national park, and flows into the
sea on the west coast of the island.
Little information is available on the flora and fauna
of Phu Quoc National Park. The natural
vegetation of Phu Quoc island is lowland
evergreen forest and the national park supports 12,794 ha
of forest, equivalent to 86% of the total area. The forest
appears to be in good condition, particularly at higher
elevations, although forest at lower elevation is degraded.
The forest is characterised by members of the Fabaceae.
To date, 929 plant species have been recorded on Phu Quoc
island. At lower elevations in some areas, the national
park supports distinctive formations of Melaleuca sp. forest,
characterised by tall trees and an open, park-like structure.
Numerous publications report the occurrence of Pileated
Gibbon Hylobates pileatus (formerly considered a subspecies
of White-handed Gibbon H. lar) on Phu Quoc island.
Other documented values
Because of its beautiful scenery and unspoilt beaches,
Phu Quoc island already attracts a number of tourists. However,
the tourism potential of the national park and the surrounding
marine area have yet to be fully realised.