Phu Nature Reserve
Alternative site name(s)
9o48' – 9o59'N, 106o34' – 106o41'E
From Ho Chi Minh City
Topography and hydrology
Thanh Phu Nature Reserve comprises the
section of the Mekong Delta coastal zone between the Co
Chien and Ham Luong estuaries (two of the mouths of the
Mekong River). As is the case with other sites on the eastern
coastline of the Mekong Delta, Thanh Phu Nature
Reserve is strongly affected by erosion as well
as accretion. The coastal landscape at Thanh Phu
is made up of the following elements: sandy belts, tidal
mudflats, saline tidal swamps and toxic acid-sulphate swamps.
The coastal mangroves at Thanh Phu are
dominated by Rhizophora apiculata, Avicennia marina, A.
officinalis, Excoecaria agalloccha and Sonneratia spp. The
most extensive mangrove type is Rhizophora apiculata mangrove.
These mangroves are an important habitat for a number of
aquatic organisms, including some with high economic value.
The intertidal mudflats are an important habitat for shorebirds.
However, all the shorebird species occurring at Thanh
Phu Nature Reserve are common coastal migrants,
such as Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola, Common Greenshank
Tringa nebularia and Sanderling Calidris alba.
Other documented values
Thanh Phu Nature Reserve is situated
between two major estuaries, which are important breeding
sites for many economically valuable aquatic species, such
as tiger prawns Penaeus spp., various fish species from
the Notopteridae, Toxotidae, Nandidae and Anguilidae families,
and numerous species of squid including Logilo formosana,
Seproteuris lessoniana and Sepria tigris. The estuaries
also support a variety of other invertebrates, including
crabs, clams and mussels.
During the Second Indochina War, Thanh Phu
was a military base of the Vietnam National Liberation Front.
In particular, the coastal site was used as a wharf, to
which supplies and weapons for the Ben Tre Battlefield and
Military Region Number 8 were shipped from North Vietnam.
For this reason, Thanh Phu was decreed as a place of historical